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 Democracy is defined as a government in which citizens “have unimpaired opportunities to formulate their preferences, to signify their preferences to their fellow citizens and the government by individual and collective action and to have their preferences weighed equally in the conduct of the government.” 
 Carlos Salinas de Gortari was the PRI candidate in the 1988 presidential elections. He was declared as the winner of the elections after the Federal Electoral Commission, the institution then in charge of all of Mexico’s electoral processes, supposedly experienced a crash in its ballot-counting system the day of the election. Three years later, Congress voted to destroy the original ballots before they were recounted, thus destroying any evidence that could prove that Salinas de Gortari could have even remotely won the election legally.
 This law was created in reaction to the Mexican Revolution, which began as an uprising against Porfirio Díaz —a dictator whose thirty-year rule lasted from 1880 to 1910.
 On January 1, 1994, indigenous workers banded together in Chiapas, Mexico to form the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN). The EZLN was created to hold the government accountable for the passing of NAFTA, which threatened to take away the few things the hard-working and impoverished peasants had, namely their land and their ability to sell the fruits of their labor. Then-president Carlos Salinas de Gortari attempted to control the uprising, but was eventually persuaded to participate in negotiations with the Zapatistas as people across the country congregated in masses to show their solidarity for the movement. The Zapatistas have continued to lobby for equity in Mexico since their initial victory, setting an example for other civil liberty groups.